“The public domain is the realm of material — ideas, images, sounds, discoveries, facts, texts — that is unprotected by intellectual property rights and free for all to use or build upon. It includes our collective cultural and scientific heritage, and the raw materials for future expression, research, democratic dialogue and education.”
As of January 1, 2020, all works published in the United States before 1924 are in the Public Domain.
Public domain means a creative work is NOT protected by copyright and may be used freely without permission.
“In any copying of copyrighted material done for a limited and “transformative” purpose, such as to comment upon, criticize, or parody a copyrighted work. Such uses can be done without permission from the copyright owner. In other words, fair use is a defense against a claim of copyright infringement. If your use qualifies as a fair use, then it would not be considered an illegal infringement.”
Fair Use allows the use of portions of copyrighted creative work in educational settings without first obtaining permission for the purpose of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.
Purpose of Use: Nonprofit, educational, scholarly or research use
Transformative use: repurposing, recontextualizing, creating a new purpose or meaning
Nature or Type of Work: Published, fact-based content
Amount Used: Using only the amount needed for a given purpose; Using small or less significant amounts
Market Effect: If there would be no effect, or it is not possible to obtain permission to use the work