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Research tips and resource suggestions for research in environmental science.

In This Section

quotation mark in a speech bubbleIn this section, you'll find:

  • Resources for citation help, including handbooks and quick guides, for
    • APA Style
  • A tutorial for learning about and practicing APA citations

magnifying class iconTIP: Just ask

Always check with your professors about their preferred citation style. They may have very specific requirements, or may leave it up to you - just ask!

APA Style, 7th Ed.

American Psychological Association (APA) style is the standard citation style used for psychology and many other academic disciplines, especially the social sciences.



APA uses a References page at the end of your paper and author-date in-text citations. Author-date in-text citations are just that - they include the author and the year of publication in parentheses after a paraphrase or a quote. A References page at the end of your paper lists all of your sources alphabetically.


In-text citation basic format:

(Author last name, Year)

(Author last name, Year, p. ##)

Reference list citation basic format:

Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. Title of the work. Source where others can find the work. DOI or URL


7th Edition

The 7th Edition of APA style guidelines was released in October 2019. There are Quick Guides linked below for both the 6th and 7th editions, since your professors may still ask you to use the 6th edition.

Raugust Library APA Quick Guides

Additional APA Resources

APA Tutorial

Want to test your knowledge?

Try this tutorial created by Raugust Library: