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NURSING: Subject Guide

Research help and resource suggestions for research in Nursing.

In This Section

In this section, you'll find:

What is Evidence-Based Practice?

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values.

  • Best research evidence means clinically relevant research, often from the basic sciences of medicine, but especially from patient centered clinical research into the accuracy and precision of diagnostic tests (including the clinical examination), the power of prognostic markers, and the efficacy and safety of therapeutic, rehabilitative, and preventive regimens. New evidence from clinical research both invalidates previously accepted diagnostic tests and treatments and replaces them with new ones that are more powerful, more accurate, more efficacious, and safer.
  • Clinical expertise means the ability to use our clinical skills and past experience to rapidly identify each patient's unique health state and diagnosis, their individual risks and benefits of potential interventions, and their personal values and expectations.
  • Patient values means the unique preferences, concerns and expectations each patient brings to a clinical encounter and which must be integrated into clinical decisions if they are to serve the patient.

When these three elements are integrated, clinicians and patients form a diagnostic and therapeutic alliance which optimizes clinical outcomes and quality of life.

SOURCE: Evidence-Based Medicine Toolbox

Evidence-Based Practice Online Resources

Evidence-Based Practice Tutorials

Selected EPB Books @ UJ